12.1 ) Why we care about the controversy of alkitab?
According to the Malaysia population survey in the year 2000, the population of Christians in Sabah and Sarawak exceeded the total number of Christians in the whole of Malaysia by 75%. East Malaysia has approximately 1.5million Christians, mostly are bumiputeras who use their mother tongues or Malay language in their daily lives. Since early 17th century, Malay language has been used in their worship, preaching, prayer and religious education. Bumiputeras in East Malaysia gain their spiritual food from the Alkitab. The Alkitab was completed with the help of a Christian publisher in translating the contents. There are also many Christians (eg. Indigenous) in West Malaysia whose main language is Malay. Alkitab is their source of spiritual food and religious education. For these groups of Christians, the role of Malay language is irreplaceable. But, the prohibition of Alkitab, any book products and Christian publications means that the Christians in West and East Malaysia were disinherited on the language rights to be applied on religious education.
Opposition of the Government
On 30th December 2008, the Secretary of the Home Affairs, Datuk Seri Syed Hamid Albar said to “Utusan Malaysia” that the government had stopped Alkitab and other publications of Christianity to protect Muslims, to prevent them from confusion, because Alkitab uses the word “Allah”.
On the same day, “Utusan Malaysia” also quoted another cabinet minister “The government is going to stop any spreading of Christianity, including the translation of the bible into Malay language, because their objective is to confuse the Muslims in our country”. Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi from Prime Minister’s Department said, the government will put full effort to stop publication of the bible in Malay language.” Maybe these ministers had no knowledge of the completed translation of the Malay bible back in the year 1731. Actually in the year 1633, the book of Matthew in the Malay version was circulated in the market.
The responses of Christians in Malaysia
As Christians of Malaysia Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak, we are concerned and dissatisfied of the minister’s remarks. The reasons are as the followings:
1) The phrase used, “Allah”, did not bring confusion. We do not intend to confuse the Muslims in the country. If the translation of the bible into Malay language would bring confusion, they can easily use the Islam education, priest or clergy to clarify them.
2) Afraid that Malay bible version used the phrase “Allah” would cause no basis of confusion among the Muslims. Because the phrase “Allah” was used long before the establishment of Islam religion. But this phrase had been used for decades by Muslims and Christians throughout the world at the same time. Referring to the Encyclopedia Britannica, “the originality of these names can be used to trace the earliest writer, the Jews called the lord I1 or E1, the latter used the phrase “Lord” in the Old Testament of the bible.
“Allah” is the accurate Arabic language for “God”. The Arabic Christians and Muslims are currently using the phrase “Allah”. At this point, it does not emit any sort of confusion.
3) We oppose the minister’s statement “we firmly oppose to the publication of these materials. We will not accept any request to publish the Malay bible version.” This statement is not only irresponsible but people also had a difficult time to accept it. This statement violates our rights to the use of the Malay language, our national language. The comments made also contradict to the national policy, encouraging the wide use of the Malay language among the citizens.
4) The same minister gave an unreasonable and unnecessary warning, “Do not play with fire and do not challenge the Muslims. We are willing to do anything to protect our religion”. The threat and intimidation in the statement is contradictory to the spirit of the Federal constitution of Malaysia, our Malaysia is a democratic society.
Neglect and deprivation
If the ministers’ statements are accepted, this will mean that our members and the church will be banned from using the language and deprive us of our own language to religious education.
Recently, the phrase “Allah” that was allowed to be used in the bulletin has been revoked. It proved that the government is trying to limit us of the use of the Malay language in translating the bible, let alone to use it for religious education. This is almost absurd and unthinkable, as they totally violated the 11th and 12th term that was stated in the Federal constitution of Malaysia, whereby the given rights to the citizens.
The ministers that stated the unreasonable statement intended to discourage and hinder the Christians from using the Malay language in any sort of their Christian works. They used their authority to show disregard to the rights of indigenous Christians in West Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak.
As the Christians of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak, we are very depressed by this situation. We therefore call upon the government to take a sensible and rational action to recover this problem. We urge the government to stop all attempts to prohibit the Malay language publications of Christian educational journals and the circulation of Alkitab. In this way, we believe that this will loosen the tension between Christians and Muslims and not creating confusion as said by the minsters.
As the citizens of Malaysia, we accept the Malay language as the country’s official language. We will continue to use the Malay language bible and other Malay Christian literature.
National Evangelical Fellowship of Malaysia April 2009
12.2) Sarawak Ministers Fellowship’s 2nd Media Statement
It is about Religious Freedom – not just Bibles!
The Home Ministry’s act of imposing two conditions for the release of the Alkitab (Malay language Bibles), namely that each copy of the Alkitab:
1) is labeled “ For Christians only” and
2) carries a serial number
is wholly unacceptable to the Sarawak Ministers Fellowship(SMF), an alliance of Churches throughout Sarawak which includes the Kuching Ministers Fellowship, Miri Pastors Fellowship, Sibu Pastors Fellowship, Bintulu Pastors Fellowship, and Gempuru Besai Raban Jaku Iban Malaysia (an alliance of Iban churches).
We find it offensive that the authorities defaced the 35,000 copies of the Christian Holy Scriptures in Kuching and Port Klang. This deliberate act of desecration has deeply hurt the Christian community in Sarawak which represents 43% of our State population.
SMF totally rejects these two conditions set upon the release of the Alkitab. We believe that this directive from the Home Ministry is arbitrary, unlawful and unconstitutional. There is no legal provision or otherwise to the effect that the Alkitab is required to be stamped “For Christians only”.
The SMF cannot accept the position that the Alkitab or Bible, as described in the schedule of the Internal Security (Prohibition of Publications) (No.4) Order of 22nd March 1982, is considered by our government as a publication that is “prejudicial to national interest and security of the Federation” and regarded as subversive when it teaches people to be God-fearing, law-abiding and responsible citizens.
We view this state of affairs and the imposition of the two conditions as yet another curtailment on the constitutional right of Malaysian Christians to profess, practice and propagate our faith and to be taught and nourished spiritually through our Holy Scriptures.
We call on the authorities to rescind and withdraw any Orders, directives and letters issued by the Home Ministry to refuse entry and the subsequent detention of the Alkitab. We stand with the Christian Federation of Malaysia (CFM) in their media statement issued on the 17th March 2011 in calling for all Bibles to be released unconditionally.
Furthermore, we call our government to honour and uphold its promise of religious freedom for all Malaysians as enshrined in our Federal Constitution. Regrettably, this promise has not been honoured consistently for the past 47 years since independence.
This brings to mind the concern of the late Temenggong Tun Jugah (a key leader representing Sarawak in the formation of Malaysia) who repeatedly voiced in the Iban language, “Anang Malaysia sebaka tebu manis dipun, tabal diujung”, which in English, means “Malaysia should not be like the sugar cane, sweet at the head and getting less and less sweet towards the end”.
The Sarawak Ministers Fellowship hopes that, with the preservation and guarantee of religious freedom in our land, Malaysia will stay sweet to the end.
We call for Christians all over Sarawak to come together in unity to pray for religious freedom in our land. A Prayer Rally will be held in Kuching on Wednesday the 23rd March 2011.
23rd March 2011
Sarawak Ministers Fellowship
12.3 ) CHRISTIAN FEDERATION OF MALAYSIA Media Statement
PROTECT AND DEFEND CHRISTIANS’ RIGHT TO USE THE ALKITAB
We are grateful to Almighty God for bringing together Christian leaders from across churches in Semenanjung, Sabah and Sarawak to address the current controversy surrounding the impounding of Bahasa Malaysia Bibles, the Alkitab, at Port Klang and Kuching. This decision weighs heavily on us because of the implications not only for Christians but for all Malaysians.
We are united in our reaffirmation of the freedom of religion and worship. Therefore, our position is that there should be no restrictions, proscriptions or prohibitions whatsoever on the Bible or the use of the language of our choice in the practice of our religion, as it was in the days before and after the formation of Malaysia. Christians, like any other Malaysians, are not demanding for anything beyond our constitutional and fundamental human rights as enshrined in Article 11(1) of the Federal Constitution and Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The current controversy surrounding the Alkitab is just one of many issues that concerns Christians. There has been a systematic and progressive pushing back of the public space to practice, to profess and to express our faith. For example, the wearing and displaying of crosses and other religious symbols, using religious words and constructing places of worship have been restricted.
When Christians express this concern, we do so not just for ourselves but on behalf of all Malaysians. Our faith forms a critical component of our identity as Malaysians in nation-building as enshrined in the first pillar of our nation’s Rukunegara: Belief in God. As regards the offer made by the government on 22 March 2011, we respectfully state that this does not address the substantive issues. In point of fact, our previous offer made in 2005 to use the term “A Christian Publication” was only honoured in respect of one shipment of the Alkitab. Subsequent shipments were similarly held up and subjected to further arbitrary conditions for release.
In order to move forward, we call on the Government to commit itself once and for all to remove every impediment, whether legal or administrative, to the importation, publication, distribution and use of the Alkitab and indeed to protect and defend our right to use the Alkitab.
This includes revoking all orders made under the Internal Security Act 1960, which have declared the Alkitab as a threat to national security. Neither can the Alkitab be considered a threat to public order under the Printing Presses and Publications Act 1984. We categorically reject the characterisation of our Holy Scriptures in this manner. Instead, we see our Holy Scriptures as providing enlightenment and direction. In the words of the psalmist, “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path.” (Psalm 119 : 105). In the New Testament is stated the teaching that we hold dear and true : “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” (II Timothy 3 : 16)
We remain committed to work with the Government for a viable and long-term solution where the detailed processes and procedures are made clear and unequivocal and so long as our fundamental liberties as enshrined in the Federal Constitution are not infringed. As for the copies of the Alkitab that have been impounded and desecrated, we reiterate our position that the action of the Ministry of Home Affairs (KDN) in stamping the Bibles amounts to an act of defacement, disrespect and treating with disdain the holy book of the Christians.
Given the unfortunate experience of KDN’s tendency of taking arbitrary action without consulting affected parties or respecting the religious sensitivities of the Christian community, any decision to collect copies of the Alkitab which have been stamped and serialised would be with a view to prevent the possibility of further arbitrary acts of desecration, disrespect or destruction being committed against the Holy Scripture of the Christians by KDN and its officers.
We have left it to the 2 importers to decide whether or not to collect the Alkitab, based on their different specific circumstances and level of trust in the authorities and the processes in their local context. Nevertheless, no matter what their decision is, we remain united in our common stand to uphold the principle of freedom of religion which includes the free availability without hindrance or obstacle of the Alkitab and all sacred criptures in Malaysia. We continue to call on all peace-loving Malaysians to pray for a dignified resolution to these critical issues in the life of our nation.
30th March 2011
Bishop Ng Moon Hing
Chairman and the Executive Committee
The Christian Federation of Malaysia
12.4 ) Statement from PFKK
( Submitted to Prime Minister through YB Tan Sri Bernard Dompok )
Protect and Defend Christians’ Right to use the Alkitab
The Pastor Fellowship of Kota Kinabalu, consisting of Pastors from Chinese, Bahasa Malaysia and English speaking churches view the latest detention of 30,000 copies of Bible in Malay version at Kuching port and the 5100 copies of Alkitab held since 2009 at Port Klang with great concern and disappointment over the unnecessary actions by the Government Authority.
We fully support the stand made by Christian Federation of Malaysia in their latest statement – “Protect and defend Christians’ right to use the Alkitab”.
What the Bible means to us
As Christians, we believe the Bible as the sacred, inspired Word of God. It is God’s very own Word given to us through His prophets over the centuries. Through the Bible our Almighty God reveals to us His nature, His purpose for mankind and His grand plan of salvation to save mankind from eternal destruction. It is through reading the Bible and hearing it taught in the language that we understand that we come to faith and conduct for Christians here on earth. As such, Christians are commanded to diligently study the Word of God and to teach it to our children. This we do so in the language of communication of our homes so that we can dutifully pass on our faith to our next generation. Therefore the Bible is a legacy and heritage of indescribable importance and value to us Christians. We uphold the sanctity of the Bible with utmost reverence and would guard it dearly. We dare not compromise on the way we treat God’s Word for we shall all be held accountable to Him on Judgement Day.
Our belief in nation building
As Christians we believe in nation building, for the well being of Malaysia is our well being. We hold dearly to the belief and aspiration of our founding fathers that every citizen shall have the freedom to choose and practice the religion of his/her choice as guaranteed by the Malaysian Constitution and Malaysia Agreement. We also espouse our National Vision 2020 to build a society which is liberal and tolerant whereby all citizens are free to practice their respective folklore, culture and religious beliefs. Religious freedom and tolerance had been the pride of our nation for many years until recently.
The Word of God in the Bible mandates to Christians their role and responsibilities in society and nation building akin to being salt and light in this world. We are called to pray for our rulers and leaders, to uphold justice and righteousness and to serve our nation. We have been loyal to use Bahasa Malaysia as our national language and to many Christians it is also our first language at home. We do all this because we fear God first and foremost and we love our nation.
We will defend the Bible
Because of the above reasons Christian are compelled to defend the sanctity of the Bible as the Word of God and the freedom of access to it. How can any human authority stop a sincere seeker of the truth to read God’s Word in the language that he/she understands? Can any human authority decide that it can control the movement of the Almighty God by controlling access to His Word. Who will take responsibility for doing so on Judgement Day?
Any democratic authority should accord the due reverence to the Holy Scriptures of any religious faith in the world even though it does not agree with the teachings. We should do unto others what we want others to do unto us.
2 April 2011
Pastor Chin Chi Kiong
Pastor Fellowship Kota Kinabalu
12.5) Christian group rejects Idris Jala’s 10-point solution
In a lengthy 10-point statement, the Council of Churches of Malaysia (CCM) Youth did not mince its words in dismissing the 10-point solution offered by Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Idris Jala.
It said that the “quick-fix” proposal ignored the “the overt and covert manner which the government had discriminated against the Christian citizenry for close to 40 years”.
The following is CCM Youth’s press release expressing its views in response to the various statements issued by the Christian Federation of Malaysia (CFM), the National Evangelical Christian Fellowship (NECF), the 10-point solution as proposed by Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Idris Jala, and comments made in the media by the Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein and various parties.
1. 10-point proposal only addressed the Al Kitab issue.
The 10-Point Proposal presumed that Christians were only concerned with the Al Kitab issue. That premise is incorrect.nThe 10-Point Proposal distracted both the public and the church leaders from getting to the heart of the matter, that is, the concern over the overt and covert manner which the government had discriminated against the Christian citizenry for close to 40 years that had resulted in the gradual deterioration of basic rights of Christians to freely exercise their faith.
2. Restore full rights and full freedom enshrined in the federal constitution
CCM Youth denounced deplorable accusations that Christians were not being “fair” or “reasonable” in resolving the Al Kitab matter. CCM Youth disclosed that the Malaysian government had unreasonably and unjustly acted in bad faith since the early 1970s to-date against the Christian community. Among some examples were:
- Gradual erosion of the control of mission schools which included even the physical removal of words such as “Holy” and crosses from schools, even though the land, building and board of governors belonged to the church;
- Removing or disallowing “Christian Fellowships” from being recognised as societies in schools and universities;
- Harassing and transferring out Christian teachers found teaching Bible Knowledge, a legitimate examinable subject for the SPM;
- Gazetting the Al Kitab, the Bible in Bahasa Malaysia and Bahasa Indonesia, as a threat to national security under the Internal Security Act;
- Denying the use of the word ‘Allah’ for the Christian God, even though it had been used by indigenous groups way before independence, and being the only Muslim country in the world to do so despite wide Arab usage;
- Denying Christians land to operate churches or cemeteries.
- And the list goes on.
CCM Youth was saddened that Christians today were openly abused, harassed and provoked in the media and encouraged by the government, with all sorts of erroneous information being placed on official government websites put up as decrees; linking activities from Valentine’s Day to ‘poco-poco’ to crosses on football jerseys, to Christian beliefs without so much as a dialogue or a clarification with the Christian community. So much so that even the Islamic government machinery, with nods from cabinet ministers, the Home Ministry and state governments, unashamedly encouraged over-zealous religious officers and Islamic-based NGOs, to propagate and sow seeds of hatred towards the Christian community.
CCM Youth was informed that recently a group of students went for an excursion to the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, and were denied entry just because their uniform had a cross. After so many years of racial-religious polarisation under the hands of government machinery, religious and racial bigotry is now blatantly practised and widely nurtured in government departments against Christians. CCM Youth believed that the 10-Point Proposal was superfluous as Christian citizens were not asking for anything extra, but for their basic constitutional rights, enshrined in the Federal Constitution, to be respected and honoured.
3. Christians’ birthright to read, speak and write in the national language
CCM Youth opined that it was ludicrous to deny Malaysian Christian citizens the right to use the country’s national language for the purposes of exercising their faith.
On the one hand, non-Malay citizens are often criticised for their purported lack of loyalty when they did not speak Bahasa Malaysia, but when they did, like in this case in order to read the Bible, which they had been doing for generations, they were denied that right. CCM Youth reiterated that as citizens of this country, it was their God-given birthright, which “should not be given up, negotiated, traded away, nor ‘sold for a bowl of pottage’”, being simply rushed into just because Christian leaders were offered a “quick-fix” solution to the immediate problems that were originally created by unjust parties.
4. The 10-point proposal does not carry the weight of law
CCM Youth decried attempts to create a ‘band-aid’ compromise solution that did not carry the weight of law. If the government were truly sincere, there would not be a need for a 10-Point Proposal. Insofar as this matter was concerned, all the government needed to do was to instruct the Home Ministry to drop its appeal on the ‘Allah’ issue, which the Catholic Church won on Dec 31, 2009 when it took the case to the High Court. This action would immediately lead to the withdrawal of the Allah and the Al Kitab from any further restrictions in the country.
CCM Youth urged the government to uphold democratic principles and not play games by taking a round-about route that did not reflect their sincerity.
5. 10-point proposal sows disunity amongst Christians
The 10-Point Proposal served only to promote disunity amongst Christians, playing to the ruling government’s ‘divide-and-rule’ tune. CCM Youth questioned how it could be plausible for a 1Malaysia, yet a 2Bible and 3Rule solution?
If at all, it only cemented CCM Youth’s opinion that 1Malaysia had been nothing but political rhetoric. If Christian leaders had agreed to this proposal, the Orang Asal of Sabah and Sarawak would have one rule; while believers in the peninsula, including the Orang Asli, would have another rule. Should Christians subject themselves to such confusion and be manipulated to accept such terms? Likewise, by agreeing to such terms now, would Christians then forfeit the right to resolve future outstanding matters beyond the Al Kitab issue?
6. No guarantee that pledges or assurances will be honoured
Time and time again, the Christian community have been given assurances but only to be disappointed later on. CCM Youth urged church leaders to be wise, for what had been dressed as compromise could turn out to be an entrapment – “Even the elect were deceived, if that were possible.”
CCM Youth pointed out that they were well aware that there were many obstacles ahead, and they understood the “card game was in the hands” of the government. Even if the federal government gave the impression of giving way, they could fall back on the state government machinery that would kick in and take that to another gear which involved harassing book stores, printers, forwarding agents, schools and so on, located in affected states.
7. The tipping point – today’s decision will impact future generations
CCM Youth urged church leaders to take their time and not to be in a hurry. It was imperative that they did not fail future generations, or act in a manner that could adversely undermine or enslave future generations from practising their faithfreely. CCM Youth urged church leaders to remain faithful and to take as much time as they needed to ponder and to ask pertinent questions without compromising the faith. Otherwise, future generations would return to remind past generations of leaders of “compromises” made today, or that the church leaders held silent when they could have spoken up, having restrained themselves from pursuing justice when they had the opportunity to do so.
CCM Youth urged church leaders not to worry about having to come to a decision by the CFM’s Biennial General Meeting on April 14, 2011, but to take ample time to pray and seek the Lord before coming to a decision. CCM Youth reminded church leaders that even the youths today were still learning the full extent of the rights that had been eroded to-date as events unfolded, and CCM Youth would endeavour to support church leaders to their best of abilities to recover that which was lost, and hand over full freedom to future generations as their legacy.
8. Are we speaking to the right party with the authority?
With due respect to Senator Idris Jala, CCM Youth raised concerns that there were no assurances that he had the full weight of the cabinet behind him in this regard, given the underlying tones and lack of media support from cabinet ministers. Even the prime minister himself had been strangely silent.
From remarks given by the home minister and various “shadow gatekeepers”, there had been no assurance that the relevant ministries would
honour any form of agreement. What remained consistent so far had been the consistency of the government’s inconsistencies. The danger of flip-flops was not a probability, but a given. CCM Youth believed that this rush to force a solution was inadvertently linked to the outcome of the Sarawak elections and the potential impact from its Christian majority population.
CCM Youth observed that it was this careless ‘short-term opportunistic’ attitude of the government for political expediency that had made them wary of such overtures and advised church leaders to exercise greater caution under such circumstances. If the government were sincere in addressing the grievances of the Christian community, CCM Youth believed that nothing less than the coming together of a task force from the Prime Minister’s Department, the Home Ministry, the attorney-general, the Education Ministry and all state governments and Islamic departments had to take place.
9. Sorry seems to be the hardest word
CCM Youth pointed out that it was Idris Jala (centre) who apologised.
So far, no official statement of apology had been offered by any ministry, especially none was forthcoming from the home minister, the main protagonist who directed the stamping of the Bibles.
The public ought to know that this entire episode of the desecration of the Christian’s Holy Scriptures happened during the holy month of Lent which precedes and commemorates the Lord Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and celebrates His resurrection. If an opportunity presented itself for reconciliation and restoration to properly right the grave wrong committed, CCM Youth would certainly offer forgiveness. Obviously, the situation had yet to present itself.
10. Christian cabinet ministers must take leadership
CCM Youth noted that except for Idris Jala, many Christian cabinet ministers have kept silent. One cabinet minister even called Christians foolish for holding
prayer rallies. CCM Youth challenged cabinet ministers to be faithful and to choose today whom they served – whether God or man.
CCM Youth reiterated that they were not being unreasonable, audaciously demanding or stirring trouble. CCM Youth regretted that for a long time, the church had remained silent, having compromised when it should not have.
In good faith, church leaders had been drawn into endless unproductive closed-door meetings, given verbal promises and handshake agreements that never materialized. Unfortunately for the church, Christian goodwill had not been reciprocated, and closed door agreements never honoured. The recent desecration of the Al Kitab was the last straw.
CCM Youth called upon all Christians today to rally firmly behind their Christian leaders as they worked towards a resolution for the community. CCM Youth urged the Christian community to uphold their leaders in prayer more fervently. CCM Youth reiterated that they remained committed to nation-building and bringing about justice, peace and reconciliation for all Malaysians and migrants, and would stop at nothing to bring about change for the betterment of all peoples regardless of creed, race or religion, through proclaiming truth and bringing about justice and transformation to the nation.
8 April 2011
12.6) What are the core issue of using “Bahasa Bible” in Malaysia?
1. The Malaysia Constitution has guaranteed us the religious freedom and in Malaysia agreement that was sign in 1963 has guarantee religious freedom for Sabah and Sarawak.
• Malaysia Constitution, Article 11(1) in terms and provision of the International Declaration of Human Rights Article 7 promises religious freedom.
• Sarawak 18 and Sabah 20 points declare the rights in religious freedom.
ii. Root of problem: Parliament has violated the policy in 1986 religious freedom.
• Bible in “Malaysia language” has been declared under ISA as the threat to the national book, and then
• Under Publication rule, the Bible in “Malaysia language BM” version has been declared as a threat to the community stability.
iii. Islamic Council of Malaysia has declared that Christians in Malaysia that are using BM version Bible cannot use the “32 words that are commonly used in Islam” especially of Allah, Rasuh, and until now it has not been withdrawn.
iv. Government has often lack of good will to solve the problem:
• The government recently has encountered the state election in Sarawak, giving promises but not solving the core problem just to secure the victory in state election.
v. From the perspective of Law and the policy :
• As long as Security Act (ISA) is still considered the “Bahasa Malaysia” version of Bible as the threat of national security.
• As long as The Publication Act Statement “Bahasa Malaysia” version of Bible as the threat to the public order.
If the law has stated “BM Bible” is an offensive item, then where is our rights of religious freedom?
vi. What we Christians should do? :
• Emphasizing and uphold the constitution right in religion freedom.
• Supports the 1963 Malaysian Agreement especially the assurance of religious freedom to Sarawak and Sabah.
• Upholding the sanctity of Bible is the word of God for all mankind.
• Understanding the spiritual forces behind using “Bahasa bible”, “Allah”etc.
· Malaysia Constitution, Article 11(1) in terms and provision of the International Declaration of Human Rights Article 7 promises religious freedom.
· Sarawak 18 and Sabah 20 points declare the rights in religious freedom.